THE NAADAM FESTIVAL- NATIONAL HOLIDAY: The Naadam Festival is a highly anticipated event and one of the most interesting national holidays, having been celebrated for centuries. This year’s National Naadam Festival will kick off the official opening ceremony held on July 11.The festival has its roots in the nomad wedding assemblies and hunting extravaganzas of the Mongol Army. The opening ceremony features marches and music from soldiers, monks and athletes before the real fun begins! In the Naadam Stadium, the three sporting passions of Mongolians, horse racing, wrestling and archery, are played out over 2 days.


Wrestling:  At the start of competition all the wrestlers with the higher title - holder in front , enter the hall in a line wearing gutuls (decorated Mongolian boots.) and hats and their wrestling costumes called "zodog"(an open fronted, long sleeves vest of silk) and “shuudag” (tight short trunks ). There are many different titles for the wrestlers such as Titan (avarga), Lion (arslan), Zaan (Elephant) and Nachin (Falcon). All the names signify strength. Titles are mostly confirmed during the national festival Naadam. A wrestler who wins five fights in succession one competition has the right to have the title of Falcon, and if he wins seven fights in succession Elephant. When a wrestler wins all the fights in a competition during one of these festivals he will be a Lion. If he wins a subsequent year he merits the title of titan, the highest rank. There is a variety of throws used to defeat opponents.

When a wrestler touches the ground with any part of his body other than his feet and arms, he is considered to be defeat. The main difference between Mongolian national wrestling and international free wrestling is that the weight category of wrestlers is not taken into the consideration.


Horse racing: Mongolian people have loved horse racing since time immemorial. A whole system for conducting the contests has developed over the centuries. In the racing held during national festivals, including Naadam, participants are six age groups and the distances range from 15-30 km. No special tracks are prepared, the horses covering the distance in the steppe and jumping over natural barriers. Before they start the riders sing an ancient war-like song -Giingoo. The competitors start at the finishing line and at the signal to start and back to the finish line. Thus the distance is actually doubled. The horse racing can be held on saddled or unsaddled horses. Horses of two years older take part. The winner is honored with a cup of airag which he drinks and sprinkles on the head and croup of his horse. After the races, praise-singer extols the best riders and their horses.


Archery: Third element of the national games is archery. Five lines engraved on an ancient Mongolian target immortalize the phenomenal record of Yesuhei-baatar, saying that his arrow hit the target at a distance of 536 m. The bow is an ancient invention going back to the Mesolithic Period. Ancient Mongolians made their contribution to the design of the bow as a combat weapon.

Today Mongolian's use less complicated form archery than in ancient time; the target is 'wall' made of cork cylinders braided together with leader straps. Mongols are almost born with the archery skills, an integral part of nomad’s lifestyle. From the very childhood such qualities as perfect eyesight, measurement, patience and strength are nourished to develop a good archer. Mongolian bows are very tight ones, so that it requires a pure strength to stretch it out. As a rule, several teams of archers compete. Each team of 5-7 archers should hit 33 leather cylinders from a distance of 75 m for men and 60 m for women.


Tour code: MGT - 6


(Historical and cultural tour)


July 9: Arrive to Ulaanbaatar, the capital city of Mongolia. English speaking guide will meet you in the arrivals hall at Chinggis  khaan airport. Transfer to the hotel and check in to your room. Guide will introduce tour itinerary and remind required information. (D)

July 10: Discover Ulaanbaatar city tour: Sukhbaatar Square located in the heart of the city and will see the transition of historical buildings and nomadic city life into urbanization. National History Museum which has rich history over 2200 years, glorious, violent and noble past, from prehistory to Soviet period, including the establishment of the great Mongolian Empire by Chinggis Khaan. In the afternoon visit to Bogd Gegeen VIII winter palace museum. (You will see the original), unusual vast wealth of artifacts on display. Next, visit to the biggest cashmere shop. After, you can see a live performance of Mongolian folklore Tumen Ekh Ensemble. At the end of your tour guide will take you to your hotel.  B.L.D

July 11: Naadam Festival Day: Whole Mongolian Nations widely celebrate the Naadam festival declaration of the Revolutionary Independence in 1921. During the festival, 512-1024 wrestlers compete each other. 2400 horses race with six different horse age ranges and reward the winning horse and a kid who rode the horse. Male and female archers shoot at targets with arrows 60-70 meters away. According to the Naadam festival program you will spend all day exploring Mongolian traditional holiday events. This holiday is only celebrated in Mongolia. (B.L.D)

July 12: Early in the morning drive to “Chinggis Khaan” complex statue. According to a history, Chinggis Khaan found a whip on the way back from Khereid Toiril Khaan, where he had gone to ask for help when Mergid had captured his wife. Finding a whip is perceived by Mongolian as a good omen. Therefore, finding the whip Chinggis Khaan became greedy seeing it as a path being opened to the great success. After, move to Terelj National Park and go to Turtle Rock, Huuhen mountain, and visit Ariyabal Meditation Temple. Stay in a tourist camp, try local food and drinks and hike around the area. (B.L.D)


July 13: In the morning, you will go horseback riding and travel by boat on nearby river. Visit herdsman family and learn about the unique lifestyle of nomadic people. Back to Ulaanbaatar city and shop for Nomin Department Store”. Go see a live performance at State National Song and Dance Academic Ensemble of Mongolia. Drive back to hotel and take a rest. (B.L.D)


July 14: Departure day  (B)



Tour price (Per person)

1 pax

2 – 3 pax

4 – 5 pax

6 – 10 pax

11 – 15 pax

2010 USD

1425 USD

1040 USD

970 USD

930 USD



TRANSPORT FROM/TO AIRPORT, HOTEL, chauffeured vehicle, gasoline, interpreter guide, tourist camp, breakfast, lunch, dinner, visit to nomads, horseback riding, horse guide, NAADAM FESTIVAL TICKET, entry fees for monasteries, entry fees for museum, tax for national park & road taxes.

International an airfare/train ticket, health/life insurance, video & photo taxes, drinks, emergency land rescue if required, tips etc ….








Not included