TIC 11.2 (KHARKHORIN, ERDENEZUU MONASTERY, SOUTH GOBI)

Overview


ERDENEZUU MONASTERY: Was built on the base of the remaining stone wall of the ancient Kharkhorin city. In 1580,  Abtai sain khaan and his younger brother Tumenkhen  met with Dalai Lama III, they built Erdenezuu monastery according to his advice. Thus, in between 1586-1792, over a period of 200 years, over 60 temples and about 500 buildings were built, this was both a continuation and restoration of the ancient Kharkhorum city.

 

In 1796, during the reconstruction of the clay the first 50 stupas and clay fences were built. Then in between 1802-1813, 56 stupas were added and the clay wall was fully constructed, this was done  through the donations of lords, princes, monks and worshipers. Now the temple area consists of 420 sq m of fence around the wall and it is surrounded by 108 stupa.

By 1800, it became the largest Buddhist monastery with an order composing of 10 thousand monks. In 1930, because of the political depression in Mongolia, all the monasteries were destroyed except 18 buildings.

 

Inside of the fence, there are stone monuments that remain from the Kharkhorum ruins. In the north side of the fence rests the Dalai lama temple which was built in 1675 and dedicated to Tibetan Dalai lama. Inside this temple there are sculptures of Dalai lama XIV, and Bogd VIII.

 

Inside of the Dalai lama clay fence, there are shrines dedicated to the Abtai sain khaan and his son Tusheet khan Gombodorj who initiated the Erdenezuu monastery. To the north side of the two shrines a temple called “Gurvanzuu” is located.  It was build without nails and made by wooden wrought and has a double wall. The wall technology acts as both cold and hot insulation, it also increases air circulation.

In the fence of the Gurvan sum, Tsamba deity placed in the north of west and east.

If you worship the Tsamba deity it will bless you with luck. If you worship Ayush it will bless you with a long and healthy life.

 


A 13m tall golden stupa is placed in the center of the Erdenezuu monastery fence and this was built in 1799 and  dedicated to IV Bogd. There are 70 small pieces of stupas, and 2500 “sats” to drive away bad luck, consecrated 100 small deity sculpture that founder of buddhist religion. To the south of the stupa, there is a large ger base called “Ulzii khutagt” which  translates to “Good fortune”l. In 1658, on this site a ger that was, 45 cm of diameter, 35 walls, 1700 poles, 15 m tall  used to be located here. Outside of the ger, the flags of the 4 main provinces of Mongolia are raised.


In front of the ger, a small artificial lake was built, the water used was supplied by The Orkhon river.

 

In the east the Tibetan style, 3 story Laviran monastery is located. Mongolian Bogd IV used to live there and perform his Buddhist rituals.

 

Erdenezuu monastery has maintained its XYII century Mongolian engraving, sculpture, molded deities, stupa, pot, incense burner, clothes, Tsam dancing garments, Buddhist pariphiliea, and  the cultural heritage created by Mongolian artists.

 

UNESCO noted in its book “Mongolian history” that Erdenezuu Monastery is the only city which was built in a traditional style that is the same as the style used at Kharkhorin palace.

 

Erdenezuu monastery is attracted by many foreign and local tourist in all year around. Average tourists are over 30 thousand




11 DAYS TOUR: KHARKHORIN, ERDENEZUU MONASTERY, SOUTH GOBI
Active adventure tour
 (10 nights, 11days)

 

Days

Route (By car 1990 km)

Overnight

Day 1

Khustai NP, Khugnu khan mountain

Nomadic family

Day 2

Kharkhorin & Erdenezuu monastery

Guest house  

Day 3

Tuvkhun monastery /Hiking tour

Nomadic family

Day 4

Orkhon waterfall /Horseback riding

Nomadic family 

Day 5

Ongi monastery

Tourist camp

Day 6

Bayanzag - Flaming cliff

Tourist camp

Day 7

Khongor sand dunes /Camelback riding

Nomadic family

Day 8

Khongor sand dunes

Nomadic family

Day 9

Yol – valley

Tourist camp

Day 10

Dalanzadgad town & Tsagaan suvarga

Tourist camp

Day 11

Back to Ulaanbaatar city

 

 

 

Price:

  • 1 pax = 2215 $
  • 2 pax = 1360 $ (Per person)
  • 3 pax = 1040 $ (Per person)
  • 4 pax =   880 $ (Per person)


Including: Chauffeured vehicle, gasoline, interpreter guide, Mongolian family, tourist camp, guest house, breakfast, lunch, dinner, visit to nomads, horseback riding, horse guide, camelback riding, entry fees for monasteries, entry fees for museum, tax for national park & road taxes.


Excluding: Video & photo taxes, drinks, emergency land rescue if required, tips etc ….


Price

Highlights

Included

Not included

Itinerary